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Fabrication Process

Minibuilders by IAAC

Robotics offers great potential towards innovation within the construction industry. However, in their current implementation applied to the architectural field, in particular construction robotics, these systems all share a specific limitation: the objects they produce are linked to and constrained proportionally to the size of the machine. This methodology of production and construction is not scalable. In this sense, to create a house, using current construction robotics, the machine needed must have a work envelope as large as the house itself.

Hence, the project here below elaborated aims to address this particular limitation through the creation of a technology that is both scalable and capable of fabricating structures using tools that are independent of the final product’s shape or size.

The objective was to develop a family of small-scale construction robots, all mobile and capable of constructing objects far larger than the robot itself. Moreover, each of the robots developed was to perform a diverse task, linked to the different phases of construction, finally working together as a family towards the implementation of a single structural outcome. Hence, instead of the implementation of one large machine, a number of much smaller robots were generate, working independently, but in coordination, towards a single goal.

 

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Fabrication Process

Robotic Concrete Printing by Studio RAP

Studio RAP developed a 3d-printer for architectural concrete in collaboration with concrete manufacturer Bruil. The combination of custom hardware and software will enable a whole new range of possibilities for architects in terms of shape, colour and texture. Studio RAP and Bruil expect to start production on a large scale within two years.

 

Status:        Work in Progress
Year:           2016
Partners:   Bruil

https://studiorap.nl/portfolio/robotic-concrete-printing/

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Fabrication Process

Digital Construction Platform (DCP)

The 3D Printed Hemi-ellipsoidal Dome is a first-of-its-kind architectural-scale structure robotically fabricated with the Digital Construction Platform (DCP).  Using the Mediated Matter group’s Print-In-Place construction technique, an open domed structure with a diameter of 14.6m and a height of 3.7m was manufactured over a print time of 13.5 hours. The geometry of the test print is a hemi-ellipsoidal dome design, where the wall thickness of the formwork cavity decreases with height. This enables optimized structural use of the cast material while providing maximum internal volume. This test print demonstrates many of the benefits of both the Digital Construction Platform and the Print-In-Place process, including the ability to rapidly print large-scale structures, produce complex digitally controlled curvatures, and fabricate on-site.

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Fabrication Process

3D Printed Houses Built in Less Than a Day Will Change Construction Forever

A startup known as Apis Cor broke ground in Russia putting their massive 3D printer to work. Layer by layer, they funnelled a concrete-like material into the shape of a house. A weird looking house…but a house nonetheless.

While this isn’t a new concept, they did drastically change the assembly process. Previous 3D printed houses were created in parts and then assembled together by hand. Apis Cor’s machine created the whole house in one piece (minus the roof which they chose to lay by hand).

This isn’t even the exciting part.

In total, the house took 24 hours to build, costing just over $10,000 in materials and labor.

https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/3d-printed-houses-built-less-than-day-change-forever-quharrison-terry

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Fabrication Process

Heijman + CyBe – Concrete 3D Printing

Heijmans and CyBe Construction have printed two formworks with a 3D concrete printer. It is the first time in the Netherlands that construction elements have been made in this way. The printed formwork remains part of the construction element and is therefore a form of permanent formwork. The two companies carried out the test to explore possible 3D-printed formwork applications in civil engineering (road and hydraulic engineering). One of the formwork elements has been placed in front of the head office of Heijmans in Rosmalen.

http://www.heijmans.nl/en/news/test-3d-printed-cement-formwork-success/

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Fabrication Process

Open Dot Lab Milano – Think Big, then Print It!

http://www.opendotlab.it/it/content/think-big-then-print-it

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Fabrication Process

Apis Cor: Mobile 3D House Printer prints while remaining inside of the building

Apis Cor Mobile 3D printer prints while remaining inside of the building. While having small dimensions it is easily transported and doesn’t require a long preliminary preparation before construction.

Mobile printer is an efficient operational unit. A smart machine that can be easily delivered  to the site, requires minimum time and energy to start working in the field. It does it work full 100 percent.  By “hiring” a printer for work you free some of your resources. You save on labor costs, dealing with construction waste, renting construction machinery, tools, house finishing. One printer can replace a whole team of construction workers, saving time without loss of quality.

http://3d.works/content/apis-cor-mobile-3d-house-printer-prints-while-remaining-inside-building

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Fabrication Process

Europas grösster Portalroboter steht in der Schweiz

Werkstücke von bis zu 48 m Länge, 5.6 m Breite und 1.4 m Höhe kann eine neue, siebenachsige Portalroboteranlage bei der Firma Erne im Werk Stein (Aargau) bearbeiten. Derzeit realisiert sie das aus über 45 000 Einzelelementen bestehende freigeformte Holzdach des künftigen Instituts für Technologie ITA in der Architektur der ETH Zürich.

https://www.espazium.ch/europas-grsster-portalroboter-steht-in-der-schweiz

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Fabrication Process

Branch Technology to begin construction of 3D printed house this July

Earlier this week, Eric Schmidt, CEO of Alphabet, Google’s parent company, announced the benefits that 3D printed construction processes could have on the world, further reinforcing our long held belief that 3D printed buildings will be the future of construction. With a number of innovative companies researching and developing additive manufacturing processes to reinvigorate and even revolutionize the construction industry, we have little doubt that that is where the industry is headed. One such company is Chattanooga, Tennessee based startup Branch Technology, which has just announced it will begin the construction of Chattanooga’s first 3D printed home this July.

Earlier this year, Branch Technology announced its Freeform Home Design Challenge, which invited anyone, from architectural firms to individuals, to design a single family home using their innovative 3D printing Cellular Fabrication (C-Fab) technique. Last week, on April 22nd, the winners of the competition were announced, and the winning design, “Curve Appeal” designed by architecture firm WATG Chicago, will be constructed beginning in July.

http://www.3ders.org/articles/20160505-branch-technology-to-begin-construction-of-3d-printed-house-this-july.html

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Fabrication Process

This Hotel Is 3D Printed from Sand and Volcanic Ash

Hotel owner and materials science engineer Lewis Yakich worked with 3D printing specialist Anthony Rudenko to create the hotel suite. The two men worked together to design the massive 3D printer that spews out the concrete made from sand and volcanic ash.

http://futurism.com/hotel-3d-printed-sand-volcanic-ash/