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Fabrication Process

Minibuilders by IAAC

Robotics offers great potential towards innovation within the construction industry. However, in their current implementation applied to the architectural field, in particular construction robotics, these systems all share a specific limitation: the objects they produce are linked to and constrained proportionally to the size of the machine. This methodology of production and construction is not scalable. In this sense, to create a house, using current construction robotics, the machine needed must have a work envelope as large as the house itself.

Hence, the project here below elaborated aims to address this particular limitation through the creation of a technology that is both scalable and capable of fabricating structures using tools that are independent of the final product’s shape or size.

The objective was to develop a family of small-scale construction robots, all mobile and capable of constructing objects far larger than the robot itself. Moreover, each of the robots developed was to perform a diverse task, linked to the different phases of construction, finally working together as a family towards the implementation of a single structural outcome. Hence, instead of the implementation of one large machine, a number of much smaller robots were generate, working independently, but in coordination, towards a single goal.

 

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Fabrication Process

Robotic Concrete Printing by Studio RAP

Studio RAP developed a 3d-printer for architectural concrete in collaboration with concrete manufacturer Bruil. The combination of custom hardware and software will enable a whole new range of possibilities for architects in terms of shape, colour and texture. Studio RAP and Bruil expect to start production on a large scale within two years.

 

Status:        Work in Progress
Year:           2016
Partners:   Bruil

https://studiorap.nl/portfolio/robotic-concrete-printing/

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Fabrication Process

3D Printed Houses Built in Less Than a Day Will Change Construction Forever

A startup known as Apis Cor broke ground in Russia putting their massive 3D printer to work. Layer by layer, they funnelled a concrete-like material into the shape of a house. A weird looking house…but a house nonetheless.

While this isn’t a new concept, they did drastically change the assembly process. Previous 3D printed houses were created in parts and then assembled together by hand. Apis Cor’s machine created the whole house in one piece (minus the roof which they chose to lay by hand).

This isn’t even the exciting part.

In total, the house took 24 hours to build, costing just over $10,000 in materials and labor.

https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/3d-printed-houses-built-less-than-day-change-forever-quharrison-terry

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Fabrication Process

Häuser aus dem 3-D-Drucker

Der 3-D-Druck macht sich auf, die Architektur zu verändern: Mit schnell trocknenden Baustoffen drucken Roboter ganze Gebäude quasi über Nacht. Vielleicht sogar auf dem Mars.

Der Drucker ist rund sechs Meter hoch und hat ein Druckbett von mehr als 350 Quadratmeter Fläche. Die Druckpaste besteht aus einer Mischung aus Bauschutt, schnell trocknendem Zement und einem speziellen Härtungsmittel – der Roboter erhitzt diese “Tinte” und trägt sie anschließend mit Hilfe einer Düse Schicht für Schicht auf, bis das Bauteil fertig ist. In China entstand auf diese Weise eine zweistöckige Villa mit einer Wohnfläche von 1100 Quadratmetern.

www.spektrum.de/news/haeuser-aus-dem-3-d-drucker/1419561

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Fabrication Process

BORGMAN | LENK adds architectural pixelation to a school campus in denmark

Add-on Architecture.

http://www.designboom.com/art/borgman-lenk-moss-architectural-pixelation-odense-denmark-08-11-2016/

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Fabrication Process

How a Digital Technology Might Speed Up Construction Projects

Builders are experimenting with Microsoft’s HoloLens to visualize projects and avoid expensive mistakes.

Employees at Gilbane Building Company, a commercial construction firm based in Rhode Island, usually work off paper blueprints or with digital models that they view on computers or iPads. But Gilbane senior manager John Myers now gets a closer look by putting Microsoft’s augmented-reality computer, HoloLens, on his head.

https://www.technologyreview.com/s/602124/how-a-digital-technology-might-speed-up-construction-projects/

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Fabrication Process

Architecture for Acoustics

The architecture of the enclosure should contribute as much as possible to overcoming the inverse square law and the bass loss problem. Some of the general characteristics for a good general purpose auditorium are indicated.

The above comparison of general description and measurable parameter was inspired by a review article about the opening of the Minneapolis Orchestra Hall published in Time magazine on November 4, 1974.

http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/acoustic/arcaco.html

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Fabrication Process

Branch Technology to begin construction of 3D printed house this July

Earlier this week, Eric Schmidt, CEO of Alphabet, Google’s parent company, announced the benefits that 3D printed construction processes could have on the world, further reinforcing our long held belief that 3D printed buildings will be the future of construction. With a number of innovative companies researching and developing additive manufacturing processes to reinvigorate and even revolutionize the construction industry, we have little doubt that that is where the industry is headed. One such company is Chattanooga, Tennessee based startup Branch Technology, which has just announced it will begin the construction of Chattanooga’s first 3D printed home this July.

Earlier this year, Branch Technology announced its Freeform Home Design Challenge, which invited anyone, from architectural firms to individuals, to design a single family home using their innovative 3D printing Cellular Fabrication (C-Fab) technique. Last week, on April 22nd, the winners of the competition were announced, and the winning design, “Curve Appeal” designed by architecture firm WATG Chicago, will be constructed beginning in July.

http://www.3ders.org/articles/20160505-branch-technology-to-begin-construction-of-3d-printed-house-this-july.html

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Fabrication Process

This Hotel Is 3D Printed from Sand and Volcanic Ash

Hotel owner and materials science engineer Lewis Yakich worked with 3D printing specialist Anthony Rudenko to create the hotel suite. The two men worked together to design the massive 3D printer that spews out the concrete made from sand and volcanic ash.

http://futurism.com/hotel-3d-printed-sand-volcanic-ash/

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Fabrication Process

Netherlands: Eindhoven University of Technology Embarks on Extended Project in Concrete 3D Printing

Both Salet and PhD student Rob Wolfs believe in the potential of 3D printing with concrete, as well as using it to make more detail oriented pieces besides large structural items like walls. They are taking this process to the next level, hoping to integrate smart components into the concrete printing, with items that could serve as wireless sensors and more–all very appropriate to the construction and building sector–as temperature, lighting, and security could be controlled. Also possible on the horizon for this project is the fabrication of a variety of features in one product. Applying specifically to items like walls, large 3D printed pieces could be manufactured with strengthening agents, insulation, and even dirt repellants.

http://3dprint.com/102534/tu-e-concrete-3d-printing/